Wind power is one of the most widespread kinds of renewable energy in Denmark.
At the same time wind power is the kind of renewable energy that has come furthest in terms of being competitive with other energy technologies. Wind turbines can either be installed onshore or offshore, i.e. at sea.
Today, more than a third of the Danish electricity production derives from wind turbines. Furthermore, onshore wind turbines are one of the cheapest ways to expand power production.
Therefore, wind power play an important role in the transformation of the energy system, which should ensure that Denmark will no longer be dependent on fossil fuels in 2050.
Onshore wind power: Denmark rank among the best in the world
Denmark was a pioneer in developing wind power and has installed wind turbines onshore since the 1970’s. The wind turbines have since grown both in number, size and capacity.
Denmark and Danish companies rank among the best when it comes to development, production and installation of wind turbines. Export of wind turbines and technology for wind energy is an essential contribution to the Danish economy.
The municipalities are responsible for the planning pertaining to the establishment of onshore wind turbines.
Offshore wind: Pioneer industry developed in Denmark
Offshore wind energy was developed on the basis of the Danish success with onshore wind power. Denmark was the first country in the world to install an offshore wind farm, which was the wind farm Vindeby close to Lolland.
Horns Rev 1, the first large scale wind farm, was installed in 2002.
A subcategory of offshore wind turbines is the nearshore wind turbines, which are installed closer to the coastline.