The Danish Energy Agency works with China on a green energy transition

Areas of cooperation:

  • Long-term energy planning
  • Integration of renewable energy in the electricity grid and power sector flexibility
  • District heating

China’s energy transition – and how Danish experiences can contribute

China’s goal of peaking carbon emissions before 2030 and reaching carbon neutrality before 2060 requires long-term energy planning, increased energy system flexibility, energy efficiency as well as clean and renewable heating. Danish experts work directly with counterparts in various Chinese government organisations to build capacity and to produce outputs that can feed into Chinese policy-making processes.

The annual China Energy Transformation Outlook (CETO) is one key deliverable of the cooperation. This jointly produced report sets out a feasible path for transition to a low-carbon, safe, and efficient energy system, providing a blueprint for China’s energy system to meet the country’s 2060 emissions target.

In the field of district heating, the Danish Energy Agency and our partners work with pilot cities in Chinese provinces, providing training to local officials to improve heat planning and sharing Danish expertise to facilitate the integration of heating into the overall energy system.

As part of its work with China, the Danish Energy Agency produces a monthly China Energy Policy Newsletter.

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Cooperation between Danish and Chinese authorities

The Chinese partners of the collaboration include The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), National Energy Administration (NEA), Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) State Grid Corporation of China, Energy Research Institute (ERI), China Renewable Energy Engineering Institute (CREII) and China Academy of Buildings Research (CABR).  

As part of the cooperation, the Danish Energy Agency draws on a range of Danish stakeholders including Energinet, EA Energy Analysis, State of Green and the Danish Embassy in Beijing.


China Energy Transformation Outlook (CETO) 2021 (Executive summary)

Developing high-quality offshore wind in China

Development and role of flexibility in the Danish power system 

Development and role of flexibility in the Danish power system (Chinese version)

Dansk-kinesisk energisamarbejde

China Renewable Energy Outlook 2020: Executive Summary

Hainan Clean Energy Island - Power sector transformation pathways (Chinese version)

Translated publication: The Danish Offshore Wind Tender Model

Translated publication: Liberalisation of the Danish Power Sector

Renewable Energy Participation in the power market

Fact sheet: Sino-Danish Pilot Project on District Heating and Energy Efficiency Improvements in China

Fact sheet: CNREC

Fact sheet: Combined heat and power

Fact sheet: Wind Power in China

Fact Sheet: Strategic Sector Cooperation in Quality Offshore Wind Energy

Publication: Power markets and power sector planning in Europe - Lessons learnt for China

Publication: The ‘China Thermal Power Transition’ Program

Publication: China International Forum on Energy Transformation
(Also available in Chinese)

Publication: Flexibility in the Power System

The Three Region Report

Fact sheet: Scenario Studies - Danish expertise supports China’s renewable energy expansion

CREO 2016

CREO 2017 / (Executive summary)

CREO 2018 / (Executive summary)

CREO 2019 / (Full report)

CREO 2019 / (Executive summary)

CREO 2019 / (Fact sheet)

CREO 2020 / (Executive Summary)

China Energy Transition Outlook Executive Summary 2021 (CETO)


Jens Hein
Team leader (+45) 3395 5047