Mexico has set ambitious targets for its energy sector with the aim of reducing carbon emissions substantially. The target Mexico committed to during COP21 in Paris is to reduce greenhouse emissions from 22-36% by 2030 depending on the magnitude of international support. This target includes a considerable increase in wind, an area where Denmark holds years’ of experience integrating wind power into the energy system. Denmark and Mexico has cooperated on climate and energy and since 2005. Since 2014, the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) has been working closely with the Mexican Ministry of Energy and the Mexican Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) to support the Mexican energy and climate strategies and action plans.

The technical assistance from DEA ensure a transfer of knowledge and expertise based on Denmark’s experience in climate and energy, which has proven that it is possible to introduce fluctuating energy sources in a cost-effective way without compromising security of supply. The assistance from DEA will help build up technical capacity in the Mexican government in order for them to reform their energy sector and address carbon emissions.

Four Mexican focus areas

The Mexican-Danish cooperation has four areas of focus: climate change mitigation, renewable energy and energy efficiency.

DEA support in developing capacity and knowledge in modelling and scenario development through direct technical assistance. The modelling and scenario analyses will help Mexico to predict the need for additional installed energy capacity in the energy mix.  Some of these analyses served as background analyses to the Mexican INDC, which was submitted before COP21 and will continue to support the further implementation of Mexico’s commitments to reduce carbon their emissions.

The programme also assists the development of a Mexican Wind Atlas assessing the potential for deployment of wind turbines. The Mexican Wind Atlas is of great importance to Mexico and has received substantial Mexican co-funding. When finalized, it will be publicly available for Mexican authorities and project developers as a planning tool for deployment of wind turbines. 

As there is significant and largely untapped potential for biomass in Mexico, DEA also cooperates with the Mexican authorities to develop a roadmap for further development and use of biomass for energy production in Mexico. The roadmap will include mapping of available resources, catalogue on relevant current and future biomass technologies as well as specific pilot studies and demonstration projects.

On energy efficiency, the programme has supported the development of  a background document for the Mexican  energy efficiency strategy, which is currently being developed. The strategy will set the frame for energy efficiency focus and open up for a more comprehensive and consolidated approach to energy efficiency in Mexico, including set-up of supportive measures for industry, buildings and transport among others.   

Funding comes from Danish Climate Envelope

DEA has cooperated with Mexican partners in the Climate Change Mitigation and Energy Programme since January 2014. Through the Danish Climate Envelope programme the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) cooperates bilaterally with four emerging economies that experience increasing carbon emissions and have large mitigation potentials, namely China, Mexico, South Africa and Vietnam. The four programmes focus on decoupling the countries’ carbon emissions from their economic growth by reforming their energy sectors towards more renewable energy and increased energy efficiency. The programmes are scheduled to be concluded in June 2017.

With the Copenhagen Accord adopted at COP15 in Copenhagen in 2009, developed countries committed to provide 30 billion USD for the period 2010-2012 for developing countries. The financing should work as start-up funding for their climate adaptation, mitigation actions, capacity building, technological transfer and forest protection. Denmark has since 2010 provided 2 billion DKK in funding under the Danish Climate Envelope to fight climate change.

The programme in Mexico is funded with DKK 45 million from the global framework under the Danish 2013 Climate Envelope. The programme implementation is conducted by the Danish and Mexican ministries and institutions and administered by a project support facility, which was identified through a tender process.  

The Danish-Mexican Cooperation

Marianne Ramlau
Special Advisor (+45) 3392 7516