With a fast-growing population and economy in recent years, Turkey experiences an increasing demand for electricity and heat. This has raised the need for importing fossil fuels, making Turkey heavily dependent. However, the policy objectives show a shift in direction towards increasing the domestic supply by exploiting own energy resources, including surplus energy from power plants and industries.
Towards Turkey’s low carbon economy
With reference to the latest Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the Turkish and the Danish Governments on energy efficiency and renewable energy in June 2018, the Turkish Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) and the Danish Ministry of Climate, Utilities and Energy (MCUE) have identified following areas where Danish experiences and lessons learned can support the Turkish government’s low carbon transition objectives:
- Efficient and low carbon supply of heating and cooling
- Roadmap for offshore wind in Turkey
The cooperation includes joint working groups, one high-level Steering Committee for each of the two areas for co-operation and two mutually agreed work programmes until the end of 2019 which spell out the commitments of the Turkish and Danish governments.
The specific areas of cooperation for the heating component have been agreed upon in March 2017 and are carried out in collaboration with the Turkish Department of Energy Efficiency and Environment (D3E) under the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR). The offshore component has been launched in September 2018 in a partnership with the General Directorate of Energy Affairs in Turkey (GDEA) focusing on the regulatory framework for offshore wind.
A new phase of the bilateral cooperation is expected to continue from 2020 to 2022.